Fentanyl citrate is a narcotic opioid that doctors administer for pain. Specifically, they use it for breakthrough pain people experience during cancer treatment. Other medicines are unable to effectively treat this pain level. Above all, the drug is so potent and addictive, you should never take it for non-cancer-related pain.
More About Fentanyl Citrate
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid pain reliever that’s much more potent than morphine. Doctors use it to relieve severe pain from injuries, surgeries, and cancer treatments. Overall, opioids are the strongest pain relievers. They bind to receptors in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and spinal cord to reduce pain signals, thus alleviating physical discomfort.
Fentanyl citrate is one of the many forms of fentanyl. As a rapid-acting form, it relieves any discomfort for people already taking chronic pain relievers.
Additionally, the Actiq brand is a lozenge on a plastic stick. Patients rub it on the insides of their mouths or place it under their tongues for about 15 minutes. Sublimaze is another brand that hospitals use because it’s an injection. Sometimes they use it with anesthetics.
Side Effects and Addiction Risk
Despite how helpful this fentanyl variant is, it can cause various side effects. Since it’s an opioid, it has a high risk of causing addiction.
Generally, among the less serious side effects, patients may have anxiety, constipation, dizziness, dry mouth, and headaches. The drug can also cause nausea, vomiting, and weakness as well. However, patients should immediately call their doctors if they become sleepy or feel they’ll pass out. Additional serious side effects include shallow or weak breathing and slow heart rate.
Overall, there’s also a reason why doctors only give this form of fentanyl to people already taking opioids. The reason is that people who don’t have an opioid tolerance have a higher chance of fentanyl overdose. Above all, the drug is so strong the body needs to be familiar with it, or it will go into shock. Overdose can be fatal.
Furthermore, another dangerous side effect is addiction. Regardless of its form, fentanyl has a massive risk.
Addiction develops because opioids stimulate dopamine production. Too much of this neurotransmitter causes cognitive chemical imbalance. At this point, people can become mentally and physically dependent on the drug. They can’t stop using it even if they try.
Additionally, addiction could develop when people take the drug as their doctor prescribes. Those who abuse it have a higher risk of developing the disease. Overall, they abuse it to achieve an intense euphoria. However, fentanyl abuse can cause respiratory failure.
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